NCERT exercise 13.3 class 8 solution -students can click here to download the entire pdf chapterwise .here free pdf can be download for NCERT solution class 8. all Exercise are available here. These solutions are available in downloadable PDF format as well. it will help students in getting rid of all the doubts about those particular topics that are covered in the exercise. The NCERT textbook provides plenty of questions for the students to solve and practise. Solving and practising is more than enough to score high in the Class 8 examinations. Moreover, students should make sure that they practise every problem given in the textbook . exercise 13.3 class 8 solution Pdf can be downloaded free here.
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Exercise 13.3 class 8 solution – solution pdf
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Exercise 13.3 class 8 solution-steps in drawing a linear graph
Drawing a linear graph, also known as a line graph, involves plotting data points and connecting them with straight lines to represent a relationship between two variables. Here are the steps to draw a linear graph:
- Gather Data: Collect the data you want to plot on the graph. You should have pairs of data points, with one variable represented on the x-axis (horizontal) and the other on the y-axis (vertical).
- Choose a Scale: Decide on the scale for both axes. This means determining the range of values each axis will represent and setting appropriate increments. Make sure the data fits within the chosen scale.
- Label Axes: Label the x and y axes with the names of the variables they represent. Include units if applicable.
- Mark Data Points: Plot each data point on the graph by placing a dot or small symbol at the appropriate coordinates. Each point represents one pair of data.
- Connect the Points: Use a straightedge or ruler to draw a line that
- will be straight. If the relationship is not linear, consider using a different type of graph.
- Label Data Points: Optionally, you can label the data points with the coordinates or specific values they represent. This is especially helpful if there are multiple data series on the same graph.
- Add Title: Provide a title for the graph that briefly describes the relationship being depicted.
- Add Additional Information: Depending on the context, you may want to include additional information, such as a legend or key if you have multiple data series.
- Review and Finalize: Carefully review the graph to ensure it accurately represents the data and is properly labeled. Make any necessary adjustments.
- Present the Graph: Share the graph in reports, presentations, or other communication materials as needed.
Exercise 13.3 class 8 solution-drawing of a graph-
In this section we shall learn the construction of line Graph. Here we will discuss the line Graph of variables having direct proportion We have learnt about the direct proportion, where increase/decrease in one quantity, changes the other quantity in same ratio for example if we use more electricity, the bill will be more Similarly if we want to travel more miles, more fuel is required So, Amount of electricity bill depends upon the quantity of electricity used. We say that quantity of electricity is an independent variable (or sometimes control variable) and the amount of electric bill is dependent variable. The relation between such variables can be shown through a graph .
- Take an independent variable (abscissa) along x-axis and the dependent variable (ordinate) along y-axis.
- Plot each ordered pair (x, y) and join plotted points.
Example-draw the graph for the values given in the table ,with suitable scale on the axis.
from the graph find the cost of 6 kg and 8 kg apples
1.Let us take suitable scale on both the axis (fig 15.20)
2. Mark weight of apples along x-axis
3.Mark cost of apples along y-axis
4.Plot the points (1,60), (2, 120), (5 300) (7,420); (10,600)
5. Join the Points we find that graph is a line From graph we can see that cost of 6kg of apples is 360 and cost of 8kg of apples is 480.