NCERT solution class 8 Exercise1.2 students can click here to download the entire pdf chapterwise .here free pdf can be download for NCERT solution class 8 Exercise1.2 are available here. These solutions are available in downloadable PDF format as well. it will help students in getting rid of all the doubts about those particular topics that are covered in the exercise. The NCERT textbook provides plenty of questions for the students to solve and practise. Solving and practising is more than enough to score high in the Class 8 examinations. Moreover, students should make sure that they practise every problem given in the textbook repeatedly till the concept gets clear.

### NCERT solution class 8 Exercise1.2-

here the pdf of Exercise 1.3 class 8 solution is given below .this solution pdf is provided here to help the students .scroll the pages at the bottom of the pdf to view the full exercise .

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Exercise 1.3 class 8 solution

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Exercise 2.2 class 8 solution

Exercise 2.3 class 8 solution

Exercise 5.3 class 8 solution

#### NCERT solution class 8 Exercise1.2-How to do subtraction of rational numbers

Subtracting rational numbers is similar to adding them. Rational numbers are numbers that can be expressed as fractions, and when you subtract them, you follow these steps:

1. Ensure a Common Denominator: If the rational numbers you want to subtract have different denominators, find a common denominator. The common denominator is typically the least common multiple (LCM) of the denominators.
2. Express Fractions with the Common Denominator: Rewrite each fraction so that they all have the same denominator (the common denominator). To do this, multiply the numerator and denominator of each fraction by the same number to make them share the common denominator.
3. Subtract the Numerators: Once you have all the fractions with the same denominator, subtract the numerators. The denominator remains the same.
4. Simplify (if necessary): If the resulting fraction can be simplified, simplify it by finding the greatest common divisor (GCD) of the numerator and denominator and dividing both by it.
• Here’s an example of subtracting rational numbers:
• Let’s subtract 5/8 from 7/8.
• Find the common denominator, which is 8 (since both fractions already have 8 as the denominator).
• Express the fractions with the common denominator:
• 7/8 (no need to change it)
• 5/8 (no need to change it)
• Subtract the numerators: 7/8 – 5/8 = 2/8.
• Simplify (if necessary). 2/8 can be simplified by finding the GCD of 2 and 8, which is 2. Divide both the numerator and denominator by 2: (2/2) / (8/2) = 1/4.
• So, 7/8 – 5/8 = 1/4.

#### NCERT solution class 8 Exercise1.2- Commutative property of subtraction of rational numbers-

The commutative property does not hold for subtraction as it does for addition. The commutative property of addition states that changing the order of numbers in an addition expression does not affect the result, but this property does not apply to subtraction.

In other words, for rational numbers a and b:

a – b is not necessarily equal to b – a.

Subtraction is not commutative, meaning that changing the order of the numbers in a subtraction expression can change the result. For example, if you have the rational numbers 3/4 and 1/4:

3/4 – 1/4 is not equal to 1/4 – 3/4.

3/4 – 1/4 = 2/4 = 1/2 1/4 – 3/4 = (-2/4) = -1/2

The results are not the same, so the commutative property does not apply to subtraction for rational numbers.

### NCERT solution class 8 Exercise1.2-

Associative property of subtraction of rational numbers.

The associative property of subtraction does not exist as a standalone property in the same way that the associative property does for addition. The associative property specifically refers to the ability to group numbers and perform the same operation regardless of how they are grouped. For subtraction, this property is not relevant because subtraction does not exhibit associativity.

The associative property for addition is written as:

(a + b) + c = a + (b + c)

However, when it comes to subtraction, changing the grouping of numbers can significantly change the result. For example, consider three rational numbers: a, b, and c. The associative property does not hold for subtraction: